This volume explores the latest methods used by researchers to study the detection, characterization, and various aspects of viroids. The chapters in this book are organized into seven parts and cover topics such as detection methods based on the biology of viroids; detection techniques based on electrophoresis and hybridization techniques; PCR-based techniques that provide high degrees of sensitivity; emerging area of nucleic acid sequence-based technology; and emerging techniques in viroid research such as RNA silencing, splicing, and viroid structure. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Viroids: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students who are working with viroid diseases.
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