Understanding and improving crop root function


Available for Pre-order. Due December 2020.
Understanding and improving crop root function Editor: Prof. Peter J. Gregory Format: Hardback First Published: Published By: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited Pages: 440 Illustrations and other contents: Color tables, photos and figures Language: English ISBN: 9781786763600 Categories: , ,

Recent decades have seen a dramatic increase in research on plant roots. A deeper understanding of the complex ways roots interact with soils is making it possible to ‘design’ roots to optimise nutrient/water uptake in low-input environments as well as deliver other benefits such as improved soil health and reduced nutrient leaching. This collection summarises the wealth of current research in this important area and how it can contribute to more sustainable, ‘climate-smart’ crop production. Part 1 in this collection reviews recent research on understanding root system architecture and growth together key interactions in the rhizosphere. Chapters cover topics such as measurement and modelling techniques, root architecture, root growth regulators, root anatomy and nutrient acquisition. Part 2 assesses how roots respond to biotic stresses such as parasites, pathogens nematodes. Part 3 summarises what we know about root uptake of water and key nutrients such as nitrogen and, phosphorus Part 4 explores how this understanding can be used to optimise root function. Chapters cover topics such as phenotyping to identify desirable root traits, exploiting the genetics of root traits, the use of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AM).

Weight0.7866608 kg


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Author Biography

Dr Peter Gregory is Emeritus Professor of Global Food Security at the University of Reading, UK, where he was previously Professor of Soil Science. Amongst many distinctions, Professor Gregory is a former President of the International Society of Root Research (ISRR) as well as former Chief Executive of the Scottish Crop Research Institute (now part of the James Hutton Institute) and East Malling Research (now NIAB-EMR). He is internationally-renowned for his research in soil and crop root science. Tom Beeckman received his master's degree in Botany from the University of Ghent, Belgium, in 1985 and completed his Belgian interuniversity postgraduate education in Marine Biology in 1989. After performing postdoctoral research at the Laboratory of Genetics (Ghent University), he became Group Leader of the Root Development Group at the Flanders Institute of Biotechnology (VIB) in 2001. He then became a Professor at Ghent University in 2007, teaching plant developmental biology. His early work focused on the activation of the cell cycle during lateral root initiation and his group established an experimental set-up to synchronize the activation of pericycle cells for lateral root formation. This system laid the foundation for a number of transcriptome studies that profi led lateral root initiation and development, revealing several novel signaling components. His current work aims to understand how the branching pattern of roots becomes established by disentangling the molecular basis of lateral root spacing mechanisms that guarantee an optimal uptake. Amanda is Assistant Professor in the School of Biosciences at the University of Nottingham. She obtained her PhD at the University of Queensland, Australia (2011) before embarking on a Marie Curie International Incoming Fellowship at the University of Ghent (Belgium), followed by a Newton International Fellowship and the Nottingham Research Fellowship both at the University of Nottingham (UK). Her research investigates the diverse physiological roles of roots that form on stems (adventitious roots) and how these traits can be applied across systems. This includes understanding root types of crops like maize, root formation on cuttings, and aerial roots on plants from distinct ecological niches. Professor Malcolm Hawkesford is head of the Plant Sciences Department at Rothamsted Research and leads the Institutes contribution to the UK Designing Future Wheat strategic research programme. He is a Honorary Professor in Plant Sciences in the School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham. He is a crop scientist specializing in cereal research, particularly with regard to resource use efficiency, yield and quality. He is an investigator on multiple international programmes with Brazil and India, is a lead investigator in the Defra-funded Wheat Genetic Improvement Network, participates in multiple BBSRC-funded projects aimed at optimizing resource use in wheat and is the lead scientist for major wheat GMO field experiments at Rothamsted. He is chair of the Nutrient Use Efficiency Expert Working Group of the International Wheat Initiative. At Rothamsted he leads a multidisciplinary team involving molecular studies and field trials. Recently he has led initiatives at Rothamsted on field phenotyping facilities, both utilizing drone technology and a novel ground-based state of the art robotic system.