Retention, Uptake, and Translocation of Agrochemicals in Plants


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Retention, Uptake, and Translocation of Agrochemicals in Plants Editors: Coleen K. Kingston, Kyung Myung, Norbert M. Satchivi Format: Hardback First Published: Published By: Oxford University Press Inc Pages: 240 Language: English ISBN: 9780841229723 Categories: , , , , ,

Fundamental understanding of the uptake, translocation, and distribution of agrochemicals is of great interest among scientists in industry and academia, because biological activities of pesticides against their target species can be significantly influenced by the biokinetics of the pesticides. Biological activity of pesticides is initially identified during the courses of in vitro bioassays, but the active molecules often lose their biological activity in greenhouse tests. The lack of translation of activity between in vitro assays and greenhouse tests is generally associated with many factors, including poor retention on plant surface, lack of foliar or root uptake, and limited systemicity within plants. Therefore, a clear understanding of the factors that govern the effectiveness of pesticides is key to overcome certain barriers for the expression of biological activity, and this can lead to a strategy to improve biological performance. This ACS symposium book is based on a symposium that was held at the 246th American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition in Indianapolis, Indiana from September 8-12, 2013. Although uptake, translocation, and distribution of agrochemicals in plants have been extensively studied over the years, there are still many unanswered questions that need to be addressed. Retention, Uptake, and Translocation of Agrochemicals in Plants aims to update current knowledge with new studies that contain new findings on the uptake, translocation, and distribution of agrochemicals in plants as well as provide review-style chapters that summarize existing information on specific subjects. This volume will serve as a valuable resource for researchers who study uptake, translocation, and distribution of pesticides in plants. As researchers involved in discovery and development of agrochemicals want to understand a broad range of biological factors, this book will promote researchers in other scientific disciplines to generate new ideas and technologies in the process of new product development. With contributions from experts in the field of agrochemical research, Retention, Uptake, and Translocation of Agrochemicals in Plants will add to the body of knowledge of biokinetics, and will help further the understanding of the use of agrochemicals on our planet.

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Author Biography

Kyung Myung received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Horticulture from Kyung Hee University, South Korea and Pennsylvania State University, respectively, and his Ph.D. degree in Plant Physiology from University of Kentucky. Since then he has worked for Northern Illinois University and USDA-ARS and then joined Discovery Research Department at Dow AgroSciences. He is currently engaged in research in biokinetics of pesticides in biological matrices. He has published over 20 research articles in the field of agricultural biology and chemistry. Norbert M. Satchivi obtained his Bachelor degree in Plant Physiology from the Universite d'Abidjan (Cote-d'Ivoire) and his Doctorate from the Universite de Perpignan in France (Agrochemistry). He was a Postdoctoral Scientist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where he worked on the development of computer simulation models for the movement of xenobiotics in plant. He also worked at the University of Guelph (Ontario, Canada) as a Research Scientist focusing on the mechanisms of herbicide antagonism. He is currently a Senior Research Scientist with Dow AgroSciences with a focus in herbicide discovery. Publications included the areas of herbicide characterization, xenobiotic uptake and transport, and modeling xenobiotic movement. Coleen K. Kingston obtained her Bachelor degree from the University of Wisconsin (Biochemistry, Math) and her Doctorate from Purdue University in Indiana (Analytical Chemistry). Subsequent posts have included research and development scientific positions within the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. She is currently a senior scientist with DuPont Crop Protection with a specialty in crop residue human safety assessment. Publications over the years have included the areas of pharmaceutical analysis method development in human matrices and the prediction of residues in food and feedstuffs yielded following foliar and systemic delivery application of crop protection chemicals.