Quantitative Ecotoxicology


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Quantitative Ecotoxicology Author: Format: Hardback First Published: Published By: Taylor & Francis Inc Pages: 592 Illustrations and other contents: 132 Tables, black and white; 101 Illustrations, black and white Language: English ISBN: 9781439835647 Categories: , , , , ,

Quantitative Ecotoxicology, Second Edition explores models and methods of quantitative ecotoxicology at progressively higher biological scales using worked examples and common software packages. It complements the author’s previous books, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition and Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatment. Encouraging a more rigorous inferential approach to research, the book examines the quantitative features of the science of ecotoxicology. The first chapters lay the foundation by introducing fundamental concepts and definitions. The author traces the historical perspective, rationale, and characteristics of scientific ecotoxicology as well as the general measurement process. He also considers methodologies for defining and controlling variance, which could otherwise exclude valid conclusions from ecotoxicological endeavors. The book then discusses ecotoxicological concepts at increasing levels of ecological organization and outlines quantitative methods used to measure toxicant accumulation and effects. Reflecting the importance of establishing type I and type II error rates, it highlights design issues, particularly sample size and power estimation. The final chapter summarizes the book with a brief discussion of ecotoxicology from a nonregulatory perspective. Extensively updated, this second edition has been expanded to include terrestrial as well as aquatic ecotoxicology. Requiring only a basic knowledge of statistics, this highly readable book is suitable for graduate students and researchers as well as practicing environmental scientists and engineers. It guides readers to better understand the fate and effects of toxicants in the biosphere-and helps them frame this understanding in quantitative terms. What’s New in This Edition More than 40 new figures and 20 new worked examples Updated measurement quality methods and software Expanded coverage of synecological models and methods More integration of Bayesian concepts Appendices for power analysis and basic matrix methods Additional mixture toxicity and up-and-down methods Greatly expanded discussion of significance testing Expanded discussion of metapopulations Matrix tools for population demography Light isotope-based models for trophic transfer of toxicants Inclusion of metacommunity and SHE analysis techniques R script examples by Eduard Szoecs (University Koblenz-Landau) available at http://edild.github.io/blog/categories/quantitative-ecotoxicology-with-r/

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"...without a doubt a book that all aspiring and practicing ecotoxicologists should read and re-read time and time again. With each reading, as the reader learns more, new insights will be gained from this excellent book...This book is not satisfied with presenting the status quo in a recipe type manner, but discusses the limitations of the methods and gently but firmly challenges all ecotoxicologists to lift our game, become more rigorous, and contribute to the development of our branch of science." --Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, January 2014 "This book provides a very fundamental view of ecotoxicology from the perspective of quantitative analysis. It covers all the ecological aspects of toxicology. Overall, it will be an excellent book for students interested in environmental science." -Wen-Xiong Wang, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon "Mike Newman's Quantitative Ecotoxicology provides a unique and much-needed addition to the ecotoxicological literature. He covers the most important ecotoxicological concepts (bioaccumulation, lethal and nonlethal responses to stress at the individual level, population and metapopulation effects, and community effects) and effectively combines these with the appropriate quantitative options and considerations for assessing these processes. This book is like an ecotoxicology text and statistics text rolled into one." -Valery E. Forbes, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA "... a sound and thorough update from the first edition. It is well written in common language for ecologists to understand." -James Oris, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA Praise for the Highly Cited First Edition "... a refreshing and highly readable treatment of the quantitative aspects of ecotoxicology that can be appreciated by readers with varying degrees of mathematical expertise. ... this book will be of tremendous value to beginning graduate students in ecotoxicology as well as to researchers seeking to add more quantitative rigor to their research questions." -William H. Clements, Colorado State University, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society "... excellent text ... a rara avis." -Glenn Suter, SETAC Globe "... an important contribution to the science. Dr. Newman should be commended for his excellent text." -Gary Rand, SETAC Globe

Author Biography

Michael C. Newman is currently the A. Marshall Acuff Jr. Professor of Marine Science at the College of William and Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science, where he also served as Dean of Graduate Studies for the School of Marine Sciences from 1999 to 2002. His research interests include quantitative ecotoxicology, environmental statistics, risk assessment, population effects of contaminants, metal chemistry and effects, and bioaccumulation and biomagnification modeling. In addition to more than 125 articles, he has authored five books and edited another six on these topics. The English edition and Mandarin and Turkish translations of Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology have been adopted widely as the textbook for introductory ecotoxicology courses.