This new volume studies the impact and management of environmental pollution on plants, often resulting in plant abiotic stress physiology, which causes reduction in growth due to alterations in biochemical and physiological processes, thus threatening food security, the ecosystem, and the plants themselves. This volume details the harm to plants caused primarily by heavy metal contamination in soils, by the use of pesticides, and by air pollution and presents several mitigation strategies as well. Soils contaminated with heavy metals is a major challenge worldwide due to increase in anthropogenic and geologic activities. Despite the effectiveness of pesticides in preventing pest invasions and yield decline, pesticides and other air pollutants cause biochemical changes that can instigate leaf damage, stomatal impairment, early senescence, decrease in photosynthetic efficiency, interruption of membrane perviousness, and decrease of growth and yield in sensitive plant types. Chapters in this volume address these issues. Topics include the antioxidant, photosynthesis, and growth characteristics of plants grown in polluted soils; the benefits and hazards of pesticides; microbe-assisted bioremediation and biotechnological advances for plant pollution control; genetically modified plants and their potential resistance to environmental pollution; and more. Environmental Pollution Impact on Plants: Survival Strategies under Challenging Conditions offers a plethora of information on scientific approaches and challenges for environmental plant-soil-atmosphere interactions that will be valuable to researchers in botany, agricultural science, environmental science, agricultural extension centers, faculty and students, and many others.
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Author BiographyTariq Aftab, PhD, is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany at Aligarh Muslim University, India, where he earned his PhD. He is the recipient of a prestigious Leibniz-DAAD fellowship from Germany, a Raman Fellowship from the Government of India, and a Young Scientist Award from the State Government of Uttar Pradesh (India) and Government of India. After completing his doctorate, he worked as a Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi, and as a Postdoctorate Fellow at Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India. Dr. Aftab was also a Visiting Scientist at the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, Germany, and at the Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, USA. He is a member of various scientific associations in India and abroad. He has edited seven books with international publishers, including Elsevier, Springer Nature and CRC Press (Taylor & Francis Group) and has co-authored several book chapters. He also published over 60 research papers in peer-reviewed international journals. His research interests include physiological, proteomic, and molecular studies on medicinal and aromatic plants. Khalid Rehman Hakeem, PhD, is Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. After completing his doctorate (botany, specialization in plant eco-physiology and molecular biology) from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India, he worked as a lecturer at the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India, at Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia, where he was a Postdoctorate Fellow and Fellow Researcher (Associate Professor) for several years. Dr. Hakeem has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience in plant eco-physiology, biotechnology and molecular biology, medicinal plant research, plant-microbe-soil interactions, as well as in environmental studies. He is the recipient of several fellowships at both national and international levels. He has served as a visiting scientist at Jinan University, Guangzhou, China. Currently, he is involved with several international research projects with various government organizations. To date, Dr. Hakeem has authored and edited more than 60 books with international publishers. He also has to his credit more than 115 research publications in peer-reviewed international journals and 55 book chapters in edited volumes. At present, Dr. Hakeem serves as an editorial board member and reviewer for several high-impact international scientific journals. He is included in the advisory board of Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. He is also a fellow of the Plantae Group of the American Society of Plant Biologists, member of the World Academy of Sciences, member of the International Society for Development and Sustainability, Japan, and member of the Asian Federation of Biotechnology, Korea.