Global climate change has created unprecedented challenges for human civilization due to its widespread adverse consequences including a reduction in crop yield and threatening food security across the globe. Among the crop plants, legumes have great potential for ameliorating global warming since they can reduce carbon emissions by lowering reliance on the application of chemical fertilizers, increasing nitrification and carbon sequestration in soil, and by providing protein-rich diets to both humans and livestock. This book identifies the extent of climate-induced stresses on legume plants and focuses on achieving food security through sustainable agricultural practices. This book compiles recent research findings and reviews on climate-related problems, the potential of legumes in ameliorating the impacts of climate change as well as better management of agricultural land and practices for achieving environmental sustainability and food security. This book will serve as guidelines for scientists, agricultural practitioners, and policymakers working to achieve food security and better management of climate-induced stresses in agricultural interventions. It will also be useful as a reference book for researchers and students of both graduate and postgraduate levels. Furthermore, this book will provide enhanced knowledge about the mechanisms of yield and stress tolerance of legumes as well as developing climate-smart crops and improving cropping systems for a sustainable environment and food security. Features of the book Reviews on trends of global climate change and its consequences for food security across the continents Identifies the challenges and scopes of cultivating legumes in achieving food security in the context of global climate change Focuses on the improvements of legume production through conservation approaches in agricultural practices and modern techniques including omics-based breeding, biotechnology, genetic engineering, and rhizobium technology Discusses the sustainable amelioration options for soils affected by climate-induced stresses Cites examples of applications of rhizobium technologies in reducing greenhouse gas emission Describes pathways associated with yield, resistance, and tolerance of legumes to climate-induced stresses
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Author BiographyM Zabed Hossain was born 1973 in Munshiganj, near to the capital city Dhaka, Bangladesh. After completion of his B.Sc. (Honors) and M. Sc. (with thesis) degrees from the Department of Botany, University of Dhaka he joined as a Lecturer and currently has been serving as Professor at the same department. He obtained Ph. D. from the United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences (UGAS), Iwate University, Japan in 2007 and conducted Post-Doctoral research in Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden during 2009 and 2011. He obtained several awards including Guest Research Scholarship from Swedish Institute of the Swedish Government for post-doctoral research, Monbukagakusho Scholarship of the Government of Japan for Ph.D., National Science and Technology Fellowship from the Government of Bangladesh for M.Sc. research, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) grant for attending training program in New Delhi, India. He has more than 20 years of experience in research and teaching on Plant Ecology, Plant Molecular Ecology, Ecosystem Ecology and Environmental Science. His current research interests focus on adaptation of plants, ecology of invasive plants and plant-microbe interactions in relation to abiotic stresses such as salinity, drought and heavy metals. He was awarded several research grants from national and international agencies including International Foundation for Science of Sweden, USAID-ILSI Research Foundation of USA, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology and University Grants Commission of the Government of Banglades. Dr Hossain Md Anawar obtained his MSc and PhD from Nagoya University and Niigata University, respectively, Japan. He recently worked as a research assistant at Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia. He has research experience in interdisciplinary fields including Soil and Plant Nutrition, Biogeochemistry, Bioremediation, Phytoremediation, and Soil chemistry. He obtained nationally and internationally competitive scholarship, award and research grant in Japan, Spain, Portugal, South Africa and Botswana. Through his scholarly, innovative, high quality research works, he has established himself as a nationally and internationally recognized researcher in his field. He published 121 publications in peer-reviewed journals, book chapters and conference proceedings. Furthermore, he edited three books in Elsevier publisher and CRC press. His papers have Scopus citation record of 2019 with H-Index of 24. He has Google scholar citation record of 3200 with H-Index of 25. He published research articles in high impactor journals such as Agriculture, Pedosphere, Environmental Pollution, Environment International, Chemosphere, Journal of Environmental Management, Science of the Total Environment, Talanta, Applied Geochemistry, etc. He was Editorial Board member, Associate Editor and Guest Editor of seven international journals including 'Agriculture (MDPI)' 2020-2021, 'Pedosphere (Elsevier)' and 'Physics and Chemistry of the Earth' (Elsevier). He was international experts to review the different national project proposals. He reviewed research articles from more than 15 international journals. Doongar R. Chaudhary, was born (1973) at Jodhpur, Rajasthan India and studied soil science and agricultural chemistry at Rajasthan Agriculture University, Bikaner (campus: Udaipur), Rajasthan and completed Ph.D. from ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi in 2002. He started research career from ICAR-Central Soil salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana and joined CSIR-Central salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar (Gujarat) in 2004 and now working as Principal Scientist in the Division of Plant Omics. Dr. Chaudhary has been awarded BOYSCAST (2008-08) fellowship by Department of Science and Technology (GOI) and visited School of Environment and Natural Resources, Ohio State University for one year. He has also been awarded Brainpool Fellowship-2015 of Korean Federation of Science and Technology (KOFST) at School of Civil and Environment Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea for 11 months. He has more than 17 years research experience in the field of soil fertility, plant nutrition and soil ecology. His current research interest is rehabilitation of coastal saline soil with halophytes, salt tolerant plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, metagenomics, soil microbial community, nutrient cycling and biogeochemical processes the in coastal ecosystem. He is involved in the many projects funded by the CSIR, MoES and SERB.